Studying 50 obese men and women, scientists at Pennsylvania State University put all 50 subjects on a calorie-reducing diet for 12 weeks, but divided them into two groups. Half were instructed to eat whole grains. The other half were told to choose refined, processed grains, like white-flour foods.
After 12 weeks, average weight loss for both groups was about the same: 8 to 11 pounds. But the whole-grain group showed significantly greater reductions in the percentage of fat around the middle, the researchers reported in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
That’s great news not only for a svelte tummy but also for health. Numerous studies published over the past two decades have found that belly fat is particularly harmful to our hearts and overall health. Abdominal fat is one of the characteristics of a now-epidemic condition in the U.S. called the metabolic syndrome, which is a collection of several risk factors for diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
Belly fat is also linked with chronic low-level inflammation in the blood vessels, which in turn is a harbinger of heart attacks and strokes. Another risk factor that tumbled among the whole-grain eaters (and not the refined grain eaters) in the Pennylvania State University study was a key marker of chronic inflammation – C-reactive protein, or CRP.
Similarly, research on people who adopted the Pritikin Eating Plan (it’s also rich in whole grains) and exercise program found that CRP levels plummeted. Within two to three weeks, C-reactive protein decreased 45% among women, 39% among men, and 41% among children.
“There’s a tragic – and growing – problem in our country, and we doctors call this problem TOFI, which means thin on the outside and fat on the inside.”
You are a TOFI if your weight is normal, but your body mass shows a high ratio of fat to muscle. You may not see the fat, but it’s there, under the skin, and deposited around and inside the internal organs, including the heart, muscle, and liver. It’s largely the result of our sedentary lifestyles — our lack of muscle use — and our fatty, sugary, ultra-processed, calorie-dense diets.
Another term for this high ratio of fat to muscle is “overfat.”
In a study published in Frontiers in Public Health, researchers from New Zealand and the United States determined that up to 90% of men, up to 80% of women, and up to 50% of children in 30 developed countries, including the U.S., were overfat.
What does it mean to be a TOFI or overfat? “It means,” warns Dr. Fruge, “that despite normal weight, you are still at increased risk for diabetes, heart disease, and other diseases related to obesity.”
Bottom line: Excess body fat, whether it’s around your belly or deep within, is dangerous.
At the Pritikin Longevity Center, guests can learn their fat-to-muscle ratio via DXA System Body Composition Scanning. Two weeks later, a second scan reveals how powerful Pritikin living is in shedding fat and building muscle. The end result is a leaner, fitter, better toned body.
“So get up and get moving!” encourages Dr. Fruge. “And enjoy the many benefits of the Pritikin Eating Plan. It’s full of healthful whole foods like whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and beans.
“I know of nothing else in medicine that comes close to what a healthy lifestyle like Pritikin can do.”